Finally, compute the probability. There are 2,598,960 unique poker hands. Of those, 54,912 are three of a kind. Therefore, the probability of being dealt three of a kind (P 3) is: P 3 = 54,912 / 2,598,960 = 0.38. In stud poker, players get three of a kind about one time in every 47 deals. For the main poker variations - Texas Hold'em, Pot-Limit Omaha, Seven-Card Stud, 5-Card Draw - hand rankings are the same. But for split games - Omaha Hi-Lo, Stud Hi-Lo - half of the pot is awarded to the lowest hand.
Stud poker first appeared as early as the 1860's in America. Formerly all poker games had been 'closed' - the cards were known only to the player to whom they were dealt. Stud poker is an 'open' game in which most of a player's cards are displayed on the table. Therefore players can form an idea of the strength of other players' hands and bet accordingly, although each player has at least one 'hole' card which remains concealed until the showdown. Since poker is a five card game it is natural that the earliest form of stud poker was five card stud. In this game each player's first card is dealt face down and known only to the owner, but the other four are dealt face up with a betting round after each.
Although Five Card Stud was overtaken in popularity in the late 20th century by Seven Card Stud and community card games such as Texas Hold'em and Omaha, it is still played in some places.
This page assumes some familiarity with the general rules and terminology of poker. See the poker rules page for an introduction to these, and the poker betting and poker hand ranking pages for further details.
A standard 52-card pack is used, and since only five cards per player are dealt, it is possible for up to 10 people to play.
The sequence of events is as follows (as usual the cards are dealt clockwise one at a time):
The concealed card - the first dealt to each player - is sometimes known as the 'hole' card.
Traditionally, each betting round is begun by the player with the best hand showing. For this purpose pairs, triplets, two pairs and quads count in their normal poker order - so for example with three cards showing 3-3-3 is higher than 7-7-8, which is higher than A-K-Q. Incomplete straights and flushes do not count. If there is a tie it is resolved by comparing the suits of the highest cards in the tied hands using the ranking order clubs (low), diamonds, hearts, spades (high).
Some play that in the first betting round, the first player must place a compulsory bet, called the bring-in. In this case there may be no ante, though an ante is usually paid as well.
Some play that the first betting round starts with a compulsory (bring-in) bet by the player showing the lowest card. This is now the normal rule in formal games hosted by American casinos. The subsequent betting rounds are begun by the highest hand showing as usual.
This is of course for the players to agree. Five Card Stud is often played as a fixed limit game with the following arrangements.
Sometimes Five Card Stud is played with the fifth card dealt face down, so that in the last betting round each player still has only three cards showing. In this case the final betting round will be begun by the same player who began the previous round.
Five Card Stud can be played low (lowest hand wins). This game is sometimes called Lowball, though this name is also used for Draw Poker played for low. Any of the low poker ranking systems can be used. In American casinos ace-to-five ranking would be most usual. Many home poker players prefer ace-to-six ranking. Deuce-to-seven ranking would also be possible.
In the formal casino version, the player with the highest card showing (Ace counting as low) starts the first round of betting with a compulsory bring-in bet. Subsequent betting rounds are begun by the player with the lowest hand showing. Since a pair is not a good hand in this game, a player with a pair showing is not entitled to place a big bet. The remaining rules are the same as in ordinary Five Card Stud, as described above, except that in the showdown the lowest hand wins.
The deal and betting are mostly the same as in ordinary five card stud. Some play that in high-low games, a pair showing does not give players the option of a big bet or raise.
In the formal version of this game, at the showdown, the pot is split equally between the highest and lowest hands, the odd chip going to the high hand if the amount cannot be divided exactly by two. Any of the possible low hand ranking methods can be used - see low hand ranking on the poker hand ranking page.
In home games, Five Card Stud High-Low is often played with declaration. After the final betting round each player has to declare either 'high', 'low'. This can be done either in sequence around the table or simultaneously - see the section on declaration methods on the poker betting page. Usually players are not allowed to dealer 'both' in Five Card Stud High-Low. Even if it were allowed it would be unusual, unless perhaps you were playing ace-to-five ranking (uncommon in home games) and a player had (or pretended to have) an A-2-3-4-5 straight which is good for both high and low.
In the showdown, the highest hand among the players who have declared 'high' shares the pot with the lowest of the players who have declared 'low'. See the section on the showdown in split pot games on the poker betting page for further details and variations.
Odds gambling explained. This home poker variant is exactly like Five Card Stud High-Low except that after the fifth card is dealt, each player in turn has the opportunity to 'buy' a card. The player discards one card and the dealer deals a replacement card, face up if the discarded card was face up but face down if the discarded card was face down. A player who buys a card must pay an agreed amount to the pot - for example one large bet. After everyone has had a chance to buy, the final betting round, the declaration and the showdown follow.
This game can be played with two rounds of buying, the second round being more expensive than the first.
In Finland, one of the most popular poker games is Sökö. Elsewhere it is sometimes known as California Stud. It is the same as 5-card stud except for the hand ranking: there are two additional hands, ranking below a pair.
A 4-straight consists of four cards of consecutive rank and an odd card. When comparing 4-straights, compare the straights first: if they are equal the rank of the odd card decides.
A 4-flush consists of four cards of one suit and one card of a different suit. First compare the four flush cards in descending order and if the these are all equal compare the odd card.
The rank of hands from lowest to highest is:
Caribbean stud poker, also called casino stud poker, is a casinotable game with rules derived from five-card studpoker. However, unlike standard poker games, Caribbean stud is played against the house rather than against other players. There is no bluffing or other deception.
As a result of the popularity of poker, casinos created a house-banked game in order to entice poker fans to play more table games. The birth of the game is not well referenced, which is unusual for a relatively new game. Professional poker player David Sklansky has claimed that he invented the game in 1982 using the name “Casino Poker”. When he developed the game the rules had some differences, with the dealer having two cards revealed instead of only one. Likewise there was no progressive jackpot in the game he allegedly founded. Sklansky was unable to patent 'Casino Poker' due to patent laws, according to the story. A few years afterwards he was approached by a poker player who brought the game to The King International Casino in Aruba (now known as the Excelsior Casino) and had it patented. The poker player and the casino owner changed the rules slightly to create current Caribbean stud poker.
The following rules are typical of play in U.S. casinos, but some of the details, such as payouts and betting limits, vary by location.
To play, each player places his or her ante on a marked spot on the table playing surface ('the layout'); all ante wagers must be placed prior to the dealer announcing 'no more bets'. Each player also has the option to participate in the progressive jackpot feature of the game. This is also done before the dealer announces 'no more bets', usually in a separate marked area. Each player and the dealer will then receive five cards, face down. The dealer will turn over one of his cards, after which the players may look at their cards.
Players have the option to either play or fold. Any player choosing to play places their raise, an additional wager equal to twice the amount of the ante, into the box marked Bet. Any player who chooses to fold forfeits their ante. After all the players have made their decisions, the dealer reveals their four face down cards. The dealer only qualifies (plays) if his hand either contains both an ace and a king or forms a pair or any higher-ranked poker hand. The dealer then compares his five-card hand to those of the other players, individually, and both the ante and the raise bets of all players whose hands beat the dealer's qualified hand win. If they do not beat the dealer's hand, they lose both the ante and the raise wager. If a player ties with the dealer, both ante and raise bets push (return to their respective players with no additional money won). If the dealer's hand does not qualify, the ante bets of players get paid even money while the respective raise bets all push.
In the United Kingdom the game is officially known as 'Casino Five Card stud poker', and not all casinos have the jackpot prize. Those which do have the prize, usually the large chain groups, officially call the game 'Casino Jackpot Five Card stud poker'. In both instances, the game is commonly referred to as 'Casino stud poker'.
The basic rules are the same in the UK as the US, although the payouts differ – the maximum bet is generally £100 on the ante and £200 on the raise, and all payouts are paid on the raise, meaning the maximum payout can potentially be £10,000 (a Royal Flush pays at the same odds, 50:1, as a Straight Flush). If the dealer does not show an Ace/King, hands playing the jackpot must be turned over, face up, and shown to the dealer and table. If the player is not playing the jackpot prize, the cards are not shown.
If a player's cards beat the dealer's cards, the player will receive even money (1-1) on the ante, and the following on his bet (with a maximum payout of $5,000 U.S. Dollars per hand on each bet wager):
|Royal flush||100 to 1|
|Straight flush||50 to 1|
|Four of a kind||20 to 1|
|Full house||7 to 1|
|Flush||5 to 1|
|Straight||4 to 1|
|Three of a kind||3 to 1|
|Two pair||2 to 1|
|One pair or less||1 to 1|
Progressive jackpot payouts typically follow:
|US Payout||Macau Payout||AUS (Adelaide) Payout|
|Royal Flush||100% of Progressive Meter||100% of Progressive Meter||100% of Jackpot|
|Straight Flush||10% of Progressive Meter||10% of Progressive Meter||10% of Jackpot|